History of checklists

We all love history and here are a host of history lists to prove it. Get you history knowledge in the form of top 10 lists, it is easier on the stomach. North Americans tend to generalize when considering the native tribes that once populated the continent.

Modern-day Spain is a largely peaceful, reasonably prosperous nation that rarely finds itself embroiled in…. We know what impressive armies Ancient Rome could field, as brutally treated as the troops…. Throughout history empires have been formed through war and great tactics. However, many forget the….

history of checklists

For seven centuries, samurai represented the fearsome military branch of the Japanese aristocracy. Trained and….

Although the exact etymology is a bit murky, the word vandalism is indelibly associated with…. From the early days of silent nickelodeons, Hollywood loves stories ripped from the headlines. Browsing: History We all love history and here are a host of history lists to prove it. In the midst of the coronavirus scare, the world may be looking at yet another…. The chief advantage of the submarine in warfare is stealth. Their ability to approach a…. The death toll from it has yet to reachbut an outbreak of swine….

Given how many humans have existed in the world and how many events and incidents,…. Although fashion trends come and go, a constant thread can be found in the hazardous….

We discover new things about the ancient world every day and yet, many of these…. World War II started off with the Nazis pretty much wanting to control the whole…. Warships first developed as a means of delivering armies to areas of combat. Over the…. Pretty much every culture has its folk heroes and legends, and almost all of their…. If you keep swapping out the old planks of a ship for newer ones, at…. Humans are rational creatures… for the most part. There have been plenty of times when….

As long as there have been civilizations, there have been unending wars for power and…. Saying that any one year in history was more significant in its contributions to the…. Headlines have been full of political sex scandals in recent years, but this is not….

Despite being one of the most important military leaders in World War II — he….A checklist is a type of job aid used to reduce failure by compensating for potential limits of human memory and attention. It helps to ensure consistency and completeness in carrying out a task. A basic example is the "to do list". A more advanced checklist would be a schedulewhich lays out tasks to be done according to time of day or other factors.

A primary task in checklist is documentation of the task and auditing against the documentation. Checklists have been used in healthcare practice to ensure that clinical practice guidelines are followed. An example is the WHO Surgical Safety Checklist developed for the World Health Organization and found to have a large effect on improving patient safety [2] and subsequently found to have a nil effect in a cohort of hospitals in the Province of Ontario in Canada.

One thing at a time: a brief history of the checklist

Checklists are often presented as lists with small checkboxes down the left hand side of the page. A small tick or checkmark is drawn in the box after the item has been completed. Other formats are also sometimes used. Aviation checklists generally consist of a system and an action divided by a dashed line, and lack a checkbox as they are often read aloud and are usually intended to be reused.

Excessive dependence of checklists may hinder performance when dealing with a time-critical situation, for example a medical emergency or an in-flight emergency. Checklists should not be used as a replacement for common sense. Intensive training including rote-learning of checklists can help integrate use of checklists with more adaptive and flexible problem solving techniques. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with Check List.

An aide-memoire to ensure consistency and completeness in carrying out a task. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. New England Journal of Medicine.A checklist is a type of job aid used to reduce failure by compensating for potential limits of human memory and attention.

What the B17 Taught Us About Checklists

It helps to ensure consistency and completeness in carrying out a task. A basic example is the "to do list". A more advanced checklist would be a schedulewhich lays out tasks to be done according to time of day or other factors. A primary task in checklist is documentation of the task and auditing against the documentation.

Checklists have been used in healthcare practice to ensure that clinical practice guidelines are followed. An example is the WHO Surgical Safety Checklist developed for the World Health Organization and found to have a large effect on improving patient safety [2] and subsequently found to have a nil effect in a cohort of hospitals in the Province of Ontario in Canada.

Checklists are often presented as lists with small checkboxes down the left hand side of the page. A small tick or checkmark is drawn in the box after the item has been completed. Other formats are also sometimes used. Aviation checklists generally consist of a system and an action divided by a dashed line, and lack a checkbox as they are often read aloud and are usually intended to be reused.

Excessive dependence of checklists may hinder performance when dealing with a time-critical situation, for example a medical emergency or an in-flight emergency. Checklists should not be used as a replacement for common sense. Intensive training including rote-learning of checklists can help integrate use of checklists with more adaptive and flexible problem solving techniques.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with Check List. An aide-memoire to ensure consistency and completeness in carrying out a task. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. New England Journal of Medicine. The British Journal of Surgery. Implementation Science.

Age and Ageing. Occupational safety and health. Occupational hazard Biological hazard Chemical hazard Physical hazard Psychosocial hazard Hierarchy of hazard controls Prevention through design Exposure assessment Occupational exposure limit Occupational epidemiology Workplace health surveillance.

Environmental health Industrial engineering Occupational health nursing Occupational health psychology Occupational medicine Occupational therapist Safety engineering. Checklist Code of practice Contingency plan Diving safety Emergency procedure Emergency evacuation Hazard Hierarchy of hazard controls Hazard elimination Administrative controls Engineering controls Hazard substitution Personal protective equipment Job safety analysis Lockout-tagout Permit To Work Operations manual Redundancy engineering Risk assessment Safety culture Standard operating procedure.

Diving regulations. Underwater diving. Diving equipment. Diving mask Snorkel Swimfin. Atmospheric diving suit Diving cylinder Burst disc Diving cylinder valve Diving helmet Reclaim helmet Diving regulator Mechanism of diving regulators Regulator malfunction Regulator freeze Single-hose regulator Twin-hose regulator Full face diving mask. Diving support equipment. Air filtration Booster pump Carbon dioxide scrubber Cascade filling system Diver's pump Diving air compressor Diving air filter High pressure breathing air compressor Low pressure breathing air compressor Gas blending Gas blending for scuba diving Gas panel Gas reclaim system Gas storage bank Gas storage quad Gas storage tube Helium analyzer Nitrox production Membrane gas separation Pressure swing adsorption Oxygen analyser Oxygen compatibility.

history of checklists

Diving spread Air spread Saturation spread Hot water system. Professional diving. Ama Commercial diving Commercial offshore diving Hazmat diving Divemaster Diving instructor Diving safety officer Diving superintendent Diving supervisor Haenyeo Media diving Police diving Public safety diving Scientific diving Underwater archaeology.

Navy diver U.After further investigation, it was found that the Captain had left the elevator lock on, and the aircraft was unresponsive to pitch control. At the time, inthe aircraft was challenging a few other companies for large government contracts that could mean either the demise or the success of Boeing.

Therefore, Boeing set out to find out what they could do. During a major think-tank session, it was determined that the pilots needed a checklist. Many people have the notion that a checklist is supposed to be checked off, one item at a time, as they are done. This is time consuming, distracting, and potentially more dangerous than not having a checklist!

What the B17 Taught Us About Checklists

I challenge you to try out this method of using checklists. Feel free to report back with your findings. Doing checklists this way will certainly improve the speed of checklists in your virtual flight deck.

Oh yeah, and the B? After the accident the Boeing company was threatened with collapse. By implementing the checklists, they flew 1. What is more telling is the images of these four engined, resilient monster fending off the evil forces of the Axis Powers.

This article was posted in AOABlog. Please note: We reserve the right to delete comments that are snarky, offensive, or off-topic.

How to read a Boeing checklist

If in doubt, read the Comments Policy. Become a Stellar Aviator. Every Saturday at z get a fresh, new episode of AviatorCast. This weekly podcast has The first checklist was born! Real B Checklist So, as a flight simulator pilot, how should you use checklists in your virtual flying?

Read on. Throw out those old ideas, and clear your mind for something that works! Memorize your checklists to the best of your ability. Some may use simple acronyms, and others just flat out memorize item-by-item. A proactive method of doing checklists is much better than reactive. Not at all!

Very, very few pilots are perfect, and those that are use checklists. We hate spam as much as you do.From prehistoric humans poking each other with sticks and rocks, to the Ancient Greeks, the discovery of germs and antiseptics, up to modern day medical marvels, surgical procedures make a great case for why documented checklists are vital for continued success. The oldest example of this known comes from a discovery in Azerbaijan and is supposedly dated back to the 5th Millennium BC.

This is also supported by the presence of skulls which show the wounds to have healed partially, meaning that the person having the hole drilled sometimes survived. In other words, one of the earliest surgical processes can be theoretically broken down to the following:.

This is a rough draft which uses what was known at the time to try and solve a problem. When creating the first version of your processes, the act of documenting it is arguably more important than the actual content.

Plus, having a set process lets you more easily integrate new ideas and technology into your practices. Speaking of which…. Skipping forward to the Ancient Greeks and a little beyondthe predominant idea behind medical practices was now that of the four humors. The theory is generally attributed to Hippocratesalthough it was also shaped by later figures such as Galenand influenced medicine for hundreds of years to come.

The humors represented the four elements of air, water, earth, and fire, and consisted of blood, phlegm, black bile, and yellow bile respectively although blood was thought to contain all four elements. Illnesses and maladies were thought to be due to an imbalance of the humors, and thus balancing them once more would cure the patient. This was achieved by each of the four humors and liquids also being linked to specific organs and temperaments. Now, bear with me here, I promise this is relevant to our investigations into surgical processes.

Also from Hippocrates came the Hippocratic Oathwhich is still in use albeit modified today. While the specifics have changed, this was the oath which a physician had to take in order to be trained, and essentially made them swear to help the sick without any aim to do harm or injury. The Hippocratic Oath, combined with the dangers still associated with surgery despite now having iron tools, infection was a high riskmeant that surgery was often a last resort for physicians.

This, along with the humoral theory, resulted in most cases being treated with a heavier focus on methods like bloodletting, purging, diuresis, and dietary recommendations instead of outright surgery. The amount of blood that was let would correspond with the severity of the injury, and different locations on the body were thought to affect different organs or humors.

So, while it is a rather large time leap, by comparing this to the previous surgical process we can see that the entire thing has either been incrementally improved or straight up re-engineered according to the new humoral school of thought. Processes provide a good framework to go off, and let you see exactly what your methods are, how to repeat your successes, and where you can improve your practices. Anesthetics completely changed the face of surgery.

With the use of ether and chloroform soon after starting inpatients were now able to be knocked unconscious while operations were performed that would otherwise be awkward to perform and excruciating to endure.

Forms of anesthesia herbs, oils, alcohol, opium, etc were certainly in use before the s, but they tended to be either ineffective to the point of being largely worthless or so effective that the patient died from an overdose.

As such their use was limited at best, which put great pressure on surgeons. The lack of effective pain relief meant that the prized skills of a surgeon were speed and accuracy. They distinguished themselves and still do, to a certain degree by being able to perform their duties quickly enough to limit the pain as much as possible. Speed was particularly important when carrying out amputations due to the trauma involved. Beyond that, the lack of anesthesia and the resulting time-sensitive nature of operations limited surgeons to only carrying out certain procedures, such as removing external tumors, amputations, and trepanning.

Yes, people were still getting holes drilled in their heads. The use of ether shortly thereafter replaced by chloroform in allowed surgeons to reliably knock out their patients, which allowed more care to be taken and more internal and in-depth operations to be performed. Speed and accuracy were still important for surgeons, but anesthetics truly allowed the skill of a surgeon to shine, as the patient would remain still.

The only reliable thing this added was to assess whether anesthetic was necessary, and if so, to administer the appropriate amount. Instead, this development allowed surgery as a field to advance into more complex and internal operations, along with drastically increasing the comfort of patients. Take into account the nature of the development and how this will actually affect your current processes, and then assess what changes need to be made based on that.

After Louis Pasteur provided proof of germ theory the theory that some diseases were caused by germs in the early s, the race was on to find a way to deal with and nullify this newfound threat.

Infections post-surgery were rampant and the cause of a significant number of deaths even after successful operations. Even if a scalpel was rinsed off between operations, the lack of sterile techniques meant that germs were often spread between patients by the very people attempting to cure them.Join over 5, people who receive the anecdotally newsletter —and immediately get the free ebook Character Trumps Credentials.

But in reality, the result seemed a foregone conclusion. This imposing aircraft boasted a foot wingspan, four engines the norm was twofive times the specified number of bombs, and twice the range of its predecessors. The Modelcarrying five crew members, made for an impressive sight as it taxied onto the runway and then roared off to rise gracefully into the sky.

But as the army chiefs and manufacturing executives looked on, the plane stalled at feet, tipped sharply and crashed to the ground.

Two of the crew were killed, including the pilot, Major Ployer P. An investigation found that Major Hill had been preoccupied with the many procedures required to fly the complex new plane, from monitoring the variable oil—fuel mix in each engine to adjusting the pitch of the constant-speed propellers. But some in the Army Air Corps still thought the Model was the better aircraft.

So a group of test pilots got together to work out how further accidents could be avoided. Instead, they came up with a stunningly simple idea.

Previously, flying a plane had been fairly easy for a pilot to manage. But aeronautical advances now meant there were too many things going on in the cockpit for one person to handle. What was needed, the test pilots decided, was a checklist. The pilots kept their checklist straightforward but comprehensive, including even the most obvious actions — release the brakes, close all doors and windows, unlock the elevator controls, and so on.

Everything a pilot needed to remember was there, on a single index card. And it did the trick. Using their checklist, the pilots flew the Model for a total of 1. The Army Air Corps subsequently ordered thousands of the flying fortresses, renaming them Bs and using them to devastating effect during World War 2.

Shawn, author of Putting Stories to Workis one of the world's leading business storytelling consultants. He helps executive teams find and tell the story of their strategy. When he is not working on strategy communication, Shawn is helping leaders find and tell business stories to engage, to influence and to inspire.

Connect with Shawn on:. Read the latest newsletter.

history of checklists

Sometimes the simplest interventions can have the biggest impact. Previous Post. Next Post. Send this to a friend Your email Recipient email Send Cancel.All Rights Reserved.

The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Hottest Questions. Previously Viewed. Unanswered Questions. Wiki User April 14, AM. It appears that the first checklist was inspired by a tragic mishap on October 30, The cause of crash was identified as a gust lock that was still engaged.

After the mishap, a group of pilots looked for a way to prevent future "pilot error" mishaps. They came up with checklists for takeoff, flight, before landing and after landing. Boeing delivered 12 of the aircraft to the Air Corps and they flew 1. What is the history of the bass clarinet? A supervisor of the checklist makes sure that all the items on the checklist have been accomplished.

Asked in Microsoft Corporation What is Checklist of limited review of listing company? Asked in Google, Human Resources What is the advantage and disadvantage of checklist?

history of checklists

There are a few advantages and disadvantages of making a checklist. One advantage of a checklist is that it is harder to forget stuff. Asked in Immigration What is the H1B transfer checklist? The H1B checklist is a checklist for immigrants to use to become qualified to enter the US. This checklist helps issue visa's to foreigners to become official US citizens. Asked in Basketball What is up in history?


comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

1 2